Archive | Homelessness Data and Policy National

Hungry, Homeless and in College

July 13, 2018
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by Chicago Hope Lab, March 2017

Food and housing insecurity among the nation’s community college students threatens their health and
wellbeing, along with their academic achievements. Addressing these basic needs is critical to ensuring
that more students not only start college, but also have the opportunity to complete degrees.
This report presents findings from the largest survey ever conducted of basic needs insecurity among
college students. In 2015, the Wisconsin HOPE Lab published the research report Hungry to Learn, a
study based on a survey of approximately 4,000 students at ten community colleges in seven states.
This study includes more than 33,000 students at 70 community colleges in 24 states. While this is not a
nationally representative sample of students or colleges, it is far greater in size and diversity than prior
samples, and provides information to shed new light on critical issues warranting further research.
In particular, we draw on this new survey to provide information to help practitioners and policymakers
learn more about whether food and housing insecurity are more or less prevalent at certain types
of community colleges or among different parts of the country. We also share a detailed profile of
homeless community college students, including their financial circumstances and work behaviors, as
well as forms of support that they received. Read Here

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Escape Routes: Meta analysis of Homelessness in LA

July 13, 2018
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April 2018, by Economic Roundtable. Underwritten by the Conrad Hilton Foundation

Chronic homelessness is a catastrophe and the result of multiple failures, both before and after the onset of homelessness. This meta-analysis of information about homelessness experienced in Los Angeles County frames issues to be addressed through direct services as well as research. It brings together 26 point-in-time data sets to provide a single panoramic description of people without homes who are living in places not meant for human habitation. The objective is to identify the common reality underlying the data and provide a description that is more comprehensive and reliable than information from any single source. Read the report here.

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NN4Y: Youth In America: The Way Forward

July 13, 2018
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March 2014, There is no plausible excuse for any child to experience homelessness. The National Network for Youth has solutions to address youth homelessness and human trafficking of youth: however greater federal support is necessary to reach all vulnerable youth with needed prevention and intervention services. No child in the United States should face a night on the streets or become a victim of abuse or human trafficking.

America can do better. This report by NN4Y offers background information and solutions. Read here

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REPORT: How to Reduce Chronic Homelessness

April 26, 2018
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Escape Routes: Meta-Analysis of Homelessness in L.A.

APRIL 24, 2018 / BY DANIEL FLAMING, PATRICK BURNS AND JANE CARLEN; LA Economic Roundtable
UNDERWRITER: THE CONRAD N. HILTON FOUNDATION

Information from 26 datasets with records of Los Angeles County’s homeless residents was used for a first-of-its-kind meta-analysis that identifies interventions for reducing chronic homelessness. Read the report here.

Almost 600,000 Los Angeles County residents are in poverty and spend 90 percent or more of their income on housing. Out of this large, precariously housed population, some people have short episodes of homelessness, and a much smaller number remain stuck in homelessness.

Increasing monthly exit rates from homelessness by 10 percent is projected to reduce the number of people who go on to become chronically homeless by half.

Individuals who have the least access to jobs have the greatest risk of homelessness. This is borne out by the hugely disproportionate rate of homelessness among African American residents. African-American men in their 40s and 50s are found 16 times more often in the homeless population than in L.A.’s overall population.

This disproportionate burden of homelessness begins in childhood. The rate of homelessness for African-American children is 13 times greater than the rate for European-American children.

This inequity needs to be addressed head-on.

By far the most frequently given reason for homelessness is unemployment or lack of cash aid, and consequently lack of money. A frequent compounding factor is breakdown of social connections. This includes family conflict, breakup, violence, and death.

Finding a job is very important for homeless young adults, parents with children, and individuals who have been homeless for three months or less. However, efforts to participate in the formal labor force are largely in the form of job seeking rather than job holding. The number of individuals looking for a job is four times greater than the number with a job.

Jobs and other early interventions must be parallel efforts that augment rather than divert resources from housing chronically homeless individuals. Greatly increasing the supply of permanently affordable housing continues to be crucial.

We recommend using predictive analytic screening tools to identify newly homeless individuals who are at high risk of chronic homelessness. And we recommend ongoing linkage of county and homeless service provider records to support this screening process.

The Economic Roundtable is developing two screening tools for vulnerable populations. One is for employable adults, the other is for foster youth at risk of chronic homelessness.

This research was funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. Development of predictive analytic screening tools is being funded by the John Randolph Haynes and Dora Haynes Foundation.

To read Report click here.

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What Works to End Youth Homelessness: What We Know Now

May 26, 2017
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What Works to End Youth Homelessness: What We Know Now, National Network For Youth, (2015)

Search Terms: Homeless Youth, Homelessness policy, NN4Y, TAY

Common paths to homelessness among youth under age 25 and the importance of  employing both prevention and intervention strategies are discussed.  Successfully addressing youth homelessness enables safe transitions to adulthood and develops young adults who can contribute positively to their communities.

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What Works to End Youth Homelessness (2015)

August 3, 2015
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National Network for Youth

http://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/2015-What-Works-to-End-Youth-Homlessness.pdf

Search Terms: policy, TAY, homeless, housing, education, work, social services

Summary: Transition-aged youth are one of the fastest growing homeless populations and require unique housing and services because they are still developing as young adults and need support until they are able to support themselves, gain life experience, and transition to adulthood. They have become disconnected from educational systems and the workforce and do not have the skills and financial resources to live on their own. The factors impacting youth homelessness are complex and differ from those impacting other homeless populations. To move forward and scale up a youth-appropriate service delivery system, we must strategically invest resources so young people have access to the support they need to grow and develop as adolescents and transition to adulthood

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America’s Youngest Outcasts: A Report Card on Child Homelessness (2014)

August 3, 2015
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America’s Youngest Outcasts: A Report Card on Child Homelessness

http://www.homelesschildrenamerica.org/

American Institute for Research, Ellen L. Bassuk, Carmela J. DeCandia, Corey Anne Beach, Fred Berman

Search terms: national, California, census, homeless youth, policy

Summary: A report on child homelessness within the United States in 2013 using recent federal data. The report provides state profiles using more than 30 measures related to child homelessness for each state, including the number of homeless children over time, measures of well-being of children and the risk for child homelessness, and a summary of the state policy environment. The state profiles include rankings of states’ relative positions across these measures, along with an overall ranking of state performance. California performed poorly by various metrics, including second-to-last for homeless youth policy.

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The 2014 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness (2014)

August 3, 2015
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The 2014 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness

https://www.hudexchange.info/hdx/guides/ahar/

Meghan Henry, Alvaro Cortes, Azim Shivji, Katherine Buck, Abt Asociates, Jill Khadduri, Dennis Culhane

Search Terms: census, national, California, chronically homeless, veterans, homeless youth, homeless children

Summary: This report outlines the key findings of the 2014 Point-In-Time (PIT) and Housing Inventory (HIC) counts conducted in January 2014. Specifically, this report provides 2014 national, state, and CoC-level PIT and HIC estimates of homelessness, as well as estimates of chronically homeless persons, homeless veterans, and homeless children and youth. Nationally there were 45,205 unaccompanied homeless children and youth on a single night in 2014.

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Homeless Youth: A Concept Analysis (2011)

August 3, 2015
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21809932

Philisie Starling Washington

Search Terms: homeless youths, contributing factors, meaning of term

Summary: A variety of terms have been used to describe the homeless youth population. The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual meanings of the term homeless youths by examining the evolution of the concept and its related terms in the current literature. Method. Online databases from 1990-2010 were analyzed using the Rodgers evolutionary approach. The 6 attributes relating to homeless youth were physical location, age, health, behavior, choice, and survival. The analysis provided insight and clarification of homeless youth from a variety of related terms in the literature

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