Archive | Research Summaries

The following Summaries and Links to Published Research are made available as a public service to advance regional understanding about youth homelessness. Our Children LA did not author of any of the listed articles and makes no warranties or representations regarding their content. Any questions about the content of the articles should be addressed to the authors.

Research articles are organized by research topic, subtopic and date.

Please note that some articles are available only through a “pay for article “publishing company. They articles are marked with ($$$$$). Such articles are not free on this website however many libraries have subscriptions to these publishers. We recommend that you investigate the availability of free access though your local public library or academic institution.

All links were working at the time of posting. Please email us at mailto:info@ourchildrenla.org if you encounter a broken link.

Hidden in Plain Sight: Homeless Students in America’s Public Schools

July 13, 2018
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A REPORT BY CIVIC ENTERPRISES AND HART RESEARCH ASSOCIATES; 2016

While student homelessness is on the rise, with more than 1.3 million homeless students identified during
the 2013-14 school year1, these students and the school liaisons and state coordinators that support them tell us that
student homelessness remains an invisible and extremely disruptive problem, compounded by the lack of awareness of the issue in
many communities.
Students experiencing homelessness struggle to stay in school, to perform well, and to form meaningful connections with peers and
adults. Ultimately, they are much more likely to fall off track and eventually drop out of school than their non-homeless peers. Until
this year, states and schools were not even accountable for tracking and making progress on their rates of graduation for homeless
students.
Although student homelessness is a challenging problem, we believe it is a solvable one. Our nation’s public schools have a
critical role to play in connecting students to the supports that will help them regain stable housing, weather the trauma and
disruption homelessness brings to their lives, and stay on track to get a quality education fundamental to their success in life.

Read Report

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Hungry, Homeless and in College

July 13, 2018
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by Chicago Hope Lab, March 2017

Food and housing insecurity among the nation’s community college students threatens their health and
wellbeing, along with their academic achievements. Addressing these basic needs is critical to ensuring
that more students not only start college, but also have the opportunity to complete degrees.
This report presents findings from the largest survey ever conducted of basic needs insecurity among
college students. In 2015, the Wisconsin HOPE Lab published the research report Hungry to Learn, a
study based on a survey of approximately 4,000 students at ten community colleges in seven states.
This study includes more than 33,000 students at 70 community colleges in 24 states. While this is not a
nationally representative sample of students or colleges, it is far greater in size and diversity than prior
samples, and provides information to shed new light on critical issues warranting further research.
In particular, we draw on this new survey to provide information to help practitioners and policymakers
learn more about whether food and housing insecurity are more or less prevalent at certain types
of community colleges or among different parts of the country. We also share a detailed profile of
homeless community college students, including their financial circumstances and work behaviors, as
well as forms of support that they received. Read Here

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Escape Routes: Meta analysis of Homelessness in LA

July 13, 2018
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April 2018, by Economic Roundtable. Underwritten by the Conrad Hilton Foundation

Chronic homelessness is a catastrophe and the result of multiple failures, both before and after the onset of homelessness. This meta-analysis of information about homelessness experienced in Los Angeles County frames issues to be addressed through direct services as well as research. It brings together 26 point-in-time data sets to provide a single panoramic description of people without homes who are living in places not meant for human habitation. The objective is to identify the common reality underlying the data and provide a description that is more comprehensive and reliable than information from any single source. Read the report here.

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NN4Y: Youth In America: The Way Forward

July 13, 2018
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March 2014, There is no plausible excuse for any child to experience homelessness. The National Network for Youth has solutions to address youth homelessness and human trafficking of youth: however greater federal support is necessary to reach all vulnerable youth with needed prevention and intervention services. No child in the United States should face a night on the streets or become a victim of abuse or human trafficking.

America can do better. This report by NN4Y offers background information and solutions. Read here

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REPORT: How to Reduce Chronic Homelessness

April 26, 2018
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Escape Routes: Meta-Analysis of Homelessness in L.A.

APRIL 24, 2018 / BY DANIEL FLAMING, PATRICK BURNS AND JANE CARLEN; LA Economic Roundtable
UNDERWRITER: THE CONRAD N. HILTON FOUNDATION

Information from 26 datasets with records of Los Angeles County’s homeless residents was used for a first-of-its-kind meta-analysis that identifies interventions for reducing chronic homelessness. Read the report here.

Almost 600,000 Los Angeles County residents are in poverty and spend 90 percent or more of their income on housing. Out of this large, precariously housed population, some people have short episodes of homelessness, and a much smaller number remain stuck in homelessness.

Increasing monthly exit rates from homelessness by 10 percent is projected to reduce the number of people who go on to become chronically homeless by half.

Individuals who have the least access to jobs have the greatest risk of homelessness. This is borne out by the hugely disproportionate rate of homelessness among African American residents. African-American men in their 40s and 50s are found 16 times more often in the homeless population than in L.A.’s overall population.

This disproportionate burden of homelessness begins in childhood. The rate of homelessness for African-American children is 13 times greater than the rate for European-American children.

This inequity needs to be addressed head-on.

By far the most frequently given reason for homelessness is unemployment or lack of cash aid, and consequently lack of money. A frequent compounding factor is breakdown of social connections. This includes family conflict, breakup, violence, and death.

Finding a job is very important for homeless young adults, parents with children, and individuals who have been homeless for three months or less. However, efforts to participate in the formal labor force are largely in the form of job seeking rather than job holding. The number of individuals looking for a job is four times greater than the number with a job.

Jobs and other early interventions must be parallel efforts that augment rather than divert resources from housing chronically homeless individuals. Greatly increasing the supply of permanently affordable housing continues to be crucial.

We recommend using predictive analytic screening tools to identify newly homeless individuals who are at high risk of chronic homelessness. And we recommend ongoing linkage of county and homeless service provider records to support this screening process.

The Economic Roundtable is developing two screening tools for vulnerable populations. One is for employable adults, the other is for foster youth at risk of chronic homelessness.

This research was funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. Development of predictive analytic screening tools is being funded by the John Randolph Haynes and Dora Haynes Foundation.

To read Report click here.

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What Works to End Youth Homelessness: What We Know Now

May 26, 2017
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What Works to End Youth Homelessness: What We Know Now, National Network For Youth, (2015)

Search Terms: Homeless Youth, Homelessness policy, NN4Y, TAY

Common paths to homelessness among youth under age 25 and the importance of  employing both prevention and intervention strategies are discussed.  Successfully addressing youth homelessness enables safe transitions to adulthood and develops young adults who can contribute positively to their communities.

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Struggling to Survive – Striving to Succeed: Food and Housing Insecurities in the Community College.

May 26, 2017
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Wood, J. L., Harris III, F., & Delgado, N. R. (2016). Struggling to survive – striving to succeed: Food and housing insecurities in the community college. San Diego, CA: Community College Equity Assessment Lab (CCEAL).

Search Terms: Student homelessness, food insecurities, housing, community colleges

In December of 2016 the Community College Equity Assessment Lab (CCEAL) released findings that approximately 1/3 of California community college students are attending classes while experiencing the threat of homelessness and housing instability and 12% are hungry and concerned about whether and when they will have their next meal. The report is among the first research efforts to show who is adversely exposed to food and housing insecurities in the California higher education system.

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Social Determinants of Health Report: Housing and Health in Los Angeles County

November 16, 2015
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The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, “Social Determinants of Health Report: Housing and Health in Los Angeles County” Los Angeles 2015
Social Determinants of Health Report: Housing and Health in Los Angeles County

Search Terms: Homelessness, housing, housing instability, unaffordable housing

This report draws from the recent Los Angeles County Health Survey and the American Community Survey and reveals that affordable housing is out of reach for many adults in Los Angeles. Lack of affordable housing contributes to homelessness and 5.2% of adults reported being homeless or not having their own place to sleep in the previous 5 years. Homelessness is also linked to poor health status and difficulty meeting basic sustenance needs.

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Education: State and District Implementation of the Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program

August 10, 2015
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http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/opepd/ppss/reports.html#homeless   by US Department of Education, Office of Planning , Evaluation and Policy Development, Policy and Program Studies Service, Washington D.C.,(2015)

Search Terms: homeless students, Education for Homeless Children and Youth, EHCY, educational barriers

In the 2010-2011 school year, approximately one million or 2 percent of all students nationwide were identified as homeless. This study examines state and school district implementation of the EHCY support program and found that transportation, school supplies, tutoring and supplemental instruction accounted for the largest expenditure for EHCY funds.

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Serving Our Youth: Findings for a National Survey of Service Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless or At-Risk of Becoming Homeless

August 10, 2015
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http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Durso-Gates-LGBT-Homeless-Youth-Survey-July-2012.pdf by Durso, LA, and Gates, GL (2012). Los Angeles: The Williams Institute with True Colors Fund and the Palette Fund.

Search Terms: homeless youth, LGBTQ, LGBT,

This report presents findings drawn from a LGBT web-based Youth Provider Survey conducted in 2011-2012 with over 350 providers from around the country. Key findings include that the number of providers serving LGBT homeless youth has grown over the past 10 years now representing between 30- 40% of homeless youth served, with family rejection the most common reason cited for homelessness.

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