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Search Terms: aging out of foster care, cross-over youth, dually involved youth, fostering connections, juvenile delinquency
Summary: While it is known that gaps between dependency and delinquency systems are ineffective for the handling of crossover youth, Fostering Connections’ (legislation) exclusion of incarcerated youth may perpetuate this problem. Amending Fostering Connections to require ongoing dependency system involvement will not provide continuity in the youth’s relationships and services, it may facilitate a youth’s transition back to the foster care system.
Philisie Starling Washington
Search Terms: homeless youths, contributing factors, meaning of term
Summary: A variety of terms have been used to describe the homeless youth population. The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual meanings of the term homeless youths by examining the evolution of the concept and its related terms in the current literature. Method. Online databases from 1990-2010 were analyzed using the Rodgers evolutionary approach. The 6 attributes relating to homeless youth were physical location, age, health, behavior, choice, and survival. The analysis provided insight and clarification of homeless youth from a variety of related terms in the literature
De Rosa CJ, Montgomery SB, Kipke MD, Iverson E, Ma JL, Unger JB.
Search Terms: homeless youths, service patterns, drop-in centers, service utilization, runaway youth, Los Angeles
Summary: This article describes service utilization patterns of homeless and runaway youth in a “service-rich” area of Los Angeles, California; identify demographic and other correlates of utilization; and contextualize the findings with qualitative data. Because shelters and drop-in centers act as gateways to other services and offer intervention potential for these hard-to-reach youth, it is vital that we understand the perceived barriers to service utilization
Jennifer Feldmann, MD and, Amy B. Middleman, MD, MPH, MSED
Search Terms: homeless youths, physical problems, psychological problems, sexually transmitted infections
Summary: Homeless youth are at alarmingly high risk for a myriad of physical and psychological problems as a result of both the circumstances that predated their homelessness, and as a direct consequence of life on the streets. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), pregnancy, trauma, tuberculosis, uncontrolled asthma, and dermatologic infestations are a few of the health problems with which these youth commonly present. Providers need to be the voices advocating for improved services for this disadvantaged and silent population.
JD Klein, AH Woods, KM Wilson, M Prospero, J Greene and C Ringwalt
Search Terms: homeless youths, health systems, emergency care, street youth
Summary: This article describes the use of health services and self-reported access to regular and emergency care by homeless adolescents and street youth. Finding include significant numbers of homeless youth did not have a regular source of health care. Those who had a regular source of care were more likely to have continuity between routine and emergency care. Integration of health services with other agencies serving youth in shelters or on the street may improve access to care for those without a routine source of care and provide better continuity for these high-risk youth.
Susana R. Curry and Laura S. Abrams
Search Terms: homeless shelters; young adults; foster home care; employment & education; photography, transition-aged youth
Summary: Although research has established a high risk of homelessness among young people aging out of foster care, little is known about the experience of these youth who are helped to make the transition to independence living though supportive housing programs. Curry and Abrams (UCLA) interview 14 transition-aged youth (18-24 years) using photo elicitation interviews to investigate how young people who have aged out of foster care visually and verbally narrate their journeys through transitional housing programs. Study findings illustrate how transition-age youth experience their gradual independence and the ways in which transitional housing programs can provide critical support during this important period.
Michael J. Karcher, Gabriel P. Kuperminc, Sharon G. Portwood, Cynthia L. Sipe and Andrea S. Taylor
Search Terms: mentoring
Summary: Mentoring programs can support teens through troubling times and prevent exposure to negativity to ensure a proactive journey in their time of need. This study reviews current strategies, evaluates their relative merit, and concludes that in order to improve intervention more research on the context, structure and goals of mentoring programs must be undertaken.
K.L Osterling and A.M. Hines
Search Terms: emancipation, foster youth, independent living skills, leaving care, mentoring, resilience
Summary: The current exploratory study used quantitative and qualitative data from an evaluation of the ‘Advocates to Successful Transition to Independence’ program, a mentoring program designed to train mentors to assist older adolescent foster youth in acquiring skills and resources needed for successful transition out of foster care and into adulthood. The study was conducted in two phases over two years. Quantitative methods were used to describe characteristics of the older adolescent foster youth and advocates, and qualitative methods were used to describe the experiences of youth and advocates in the program.