Archive | Research Summaries

The following Summaries and Links to Published Research are made available as a public service to advance regional understanding about youth homelessness. Our Children LA did not author of any of the listed articles and makes no warranties or representations regarding their content. Any questions about the content of the articles should be addressed to the authors.

Research articles are organized by research topic, subtopic and date.

Please note that some articles are available only through a “pay for article “publishing company. They articles are marked with ($$$$$). Such articles are not free on this website however many libraries have subscriptions to these publishers. We recommend that you investigate the availability of free access though your local public library or academic institution.

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California Homeless Youth Project, Voices from the Street: California’s Homeless Students: A Growing Population (2014)

August 3, 2015
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California Homeless Youth Project, Voices from the Street: California’s Homeless Students: A Growing Population

http://cahomelessyouth.library.ca.gov/docs/pdf/CaliforniasHomelessStudents_AGrowingPopulation.pdf

Shahera Hyatt, Brynn Walzer, and Patricia Julianelle, California Research Bureau

Search Terms: education, homeless students, California, policy, data collection

Summary: Children experiencing homelessness encounter many obstacles to their education. This brief identifies what we know about the size of California’s homeless youth population in the educational sytem and provides statewide data on the numbers of homeless youth by county and legislative district, obtained from the U.S. Department of Education’s Education for Homeless Children and Youth Data Collection Summary for the 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 school years. The brief concludes with recommendations for improving educational success for homeless students and suggests ways to increase state and local capacity for data collection.

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Social Determinants of Health: Rising Food Insecurity in Los Angeles County (2015)

August 3, 2015
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Social Determinants of Health: Rising Food Insecurity in Los Angeles County

http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/ha/reports/LAHealthBrief2011/FoodInsecurity/Food_Insecurity_2015Fs.pdf

County of Los Angeles, Public Health Department

Search Terms: Los Angeles, food insecurity, nutrition, social determinants of health, public health

Summary: This report describes the state of food insecurity in Los Angeles County and is the third report in a series from Los Angeles County Department of Public Health addressing the social determinants of health. Food insecurity can have significant negative impacts on health and well-being across the life span, including impairing growth and development among children, increasing risks for depression and other mental health conditions among adolescents, and contributing to malnutrition and worsened medical conditions in the elderly. Immediate and concerted action is needed to respond to this crisis and ensure that all people can fulfill the basic need for adequate nutrition.

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Closing the Crossover Gap: Amending Fostering Connections to Provide Independent Living Services for Foster Youth Who Crossover to the Justice System (2014)

August 3, 2015
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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fcre.12092/abstract

Lauren Wylie

Search Terms: aging out of foster care, cross-over youth, dually involved youth, fostering connections, juvenile delinquency

Summary: While it is known that gaps between dependency and delinquency systems are ineffective for the handling of crossover youth, Fostering Connections’ (legislation) exclusion of incarcerated youth may perpetuate this problem. Amending Fostering Connections to require ongoing dependency system involvement will not provide continuity in the youth’s relationships and services, it may facilitate a youth’s transition back to the foster care system.

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What Works to End Youth Homelessness (2015)

August 3, 2015
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National Network for Youth

http://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/2015-What-Works-to-End-Youth-Homlessness.pdf

Search Terms: policy, TAY, homeless, housing, education, work, social services

Summary: Transition-aged youth are one of the fastest growing homeless populations and require unique housing and services because they are still developing as young adults and need support until they are able to support themselves, gain life experience, and transition to adulthood. They have become disconnected from educational systems and the workforce and do not have the skills and financial resources to live on their own. The factors impacting youth homelessness are complex and differ from those impacting other homeless populations. To move forward and scale up a youth-appropriate service delivery system, we must strategically invest resources so young people have access to the support they need to grow and develop as adolescents and transition to adulthood

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America’s Youngest Outcasts: A Report Card on Child Homelessness (2014)

August 3, 2015
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America’s Youngest Outcasts: A Report Card on Child Homelessness

http://www.homelesschildrenamerica.org/

American Institute for Research, Ellen L. Bassuk, Carmela J. DeCandia, Corey Anne Beach, Fred Berman

Search terms: national, California, census, homeless youth, policy

Summary: A report on child homelessness within the United States in 2013 using recent federal data. The report provides state profiles using more than 30 measures related to child homelessness for each state, including the number of homeless children over time, measures of well-being of children and the risk for child homelessness, and a summary of the state policy environment. The state profiles include rankings of states’ relative positions across these measures, along with an overall ranking of state performance. California performed poorly by various metrics, including second-to-last for homeless youth policy.

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The 2014 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness (2014)

August 3, 2015
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The 2014 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness

https://www.hudexchange.info/hdx/guides/ahar/

Meghan Henry, Alvaro Cortes, Azim Shivji, Katherine Buck, Abt Asociates, Jill Khadduri, Dennis Culhane

Search Terms: census, national, California, chronically homeless, veterans, homeless youth, homeless children

Summary: This report outlines the key findings of the 2014 Point-In-Time (PIT) and Housing Inventory (HIC) counts conducted in January 2014. Specifically, this report provides 2014 national, state, and CoC-level PIT and HIC estimates of homelessness, as well as estimates of chronically homeless persons, homeless veterans, and homeless children and youth. Nationally there were 45,205 unaccompanied homeless children and youth on a single night in 2014.

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Homeless Youth: A Concept Analysis (2011)

August 3, 2015
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21809932

Philisie Starling Washington

Search Terms: homeless youths, contributing factors, meaning of term

Summary: A variety of terms have been used to describe the homeless youth population. The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual meanings of the term homeless youths by examining the evolution of the concept and its related terms in the current literature. Method. Online databases from 1990-2010 were analyzed using the Rodgers evolutionary approach. The 6 attributes relating to homeless youth were physical location, age, health, behavior, choice, and survival. The analysis provided insight and clarification of homeless youth from a variety of related terms in the literature

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Voices from the Street: A Survey of Homeless Youth by their Peers (2008)

August 3, 2015
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Voices from the Street: A Survey of Homeless Youth by their Peers.

www.library.ca.gov/crb/08/08-004.pdf,

Authors: Nell Bernstein, Lisa K. Foster, California Research Bureau

Search Terms: los angeles, california, homeless youth, mental health, abuse, policy

Summary: Summarizes interviews of homeless or formerly homeless youth by their peers about how they became homeless, their lives on the street, interactions with police, education, aspirations, mental health, support networks, services, and policy suggestions. Interviewees reside in Los Angeles and other California cities.

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2013 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count: Overall Results for Los Angeles County and Los Angeles Continuum of Care (2013)

August 3, 2015
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Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority

Search Terms: Los Angeles, census, aging, demographics, black, white, latino, veterans, homeless youth

Summary: Point-in-time count of homeless in Los Angeles focusing on geographic distribution and demographics, with special attention to categories such as veterans and youth. Significant findings include that the homeless population of the region is getting older and more white compared to last count in 2011, although the slight majority of homeless are African-American. The proportion of adult males increased significantly whereas the proportion of adult females, female children, and male children decreased.

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No Way Home: Understanding the Needs and Experiences of Homeless Youth in Hollywood (2010)

August 3, 2015
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No Way Home: Understanding the Needs and Experiences of Homeless Youth In Hollywood (2010).

www.hhyp.org/downloads/HHYP_TCE_Report_11-17-10.pdf

Author:Hollywood Homeless Youth Partnership

Search Terms: Hollywood, child protective services, juvenile justice system

Summary: Analyzes findings on how youth become homeless; their health, educational, and vocational needs; service utilization and experiences; and risk factors such as involvement with child protective services and justice systems. Recommends service improvements.

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