Archive | Research Summaries
The following Summaries and Links to Published Research are made available as a public service to advance regional understanding about youth homelessness. Our Children LA did not author of any of the listed articles and makes no warranties or representations regarding their content. Any questions about the content of the articles should be addressed to the authors.
Research articles are organized by research topic, subtopic and date.
Please note that some articles are available only through a “pay for article “publishing company. They articles are marked with ($$$$$). Such articles are not free on this website however many libraries have subscriptions to these publishers. We recommend that you investigate the availability of free access though your local public library or academic institution.
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Shahera Hyatt, Brynn Walzer, and Patricia Julianelle, California Research Bureau
Search Terms: education, homeless students, California, policy, data collection
Summary: Children experiencing homelessness encounter many obstacles to their education. This brief identifies what we know about the size of California’s homeless youth population in the educational sytem and provides statewide data on the numbers of homeless youth by county and legislative district, obtained from the U.S. Department of Education’s Education for Homeless Children and Youth Data Collection Summary for the 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 school years. The brief concludes with recommendations for improving educational success for homeless students and suggests ways to increase state and local capacity for data collection.
Search Terms: aging out of foster care, cross-over youth, dually involved youth, fostering connections, juvenile delinquency
Summary: While it is known that gaps between dependency and delinquency systems are ineffective for the handling of crossover youth, Fostering Connections’ (legislation) exclusion of incarcerated youth may perpetuate this problem. Amending Fostering Connections to require ongoing dependency system involvement will not provide continuity in the youth’s relationships and services, it may facilitate a youth’s transition back to the foster care system.
American Institute for Research, Ellen L. Bassuk, Carmela J. DeCandia, Corey Anne Beach, Fred Berman
Search terms: national, California, census, homeless youth, policy
Summary: A report on child homelessness within the United States in 2013 using recent federal data. The report provides state profiles using more than 30 measures related to child homelessness for each state, including the number of homeless children over time, measures of well-being of children and the risk for child homelessness, and a summary of the state policy environment. The state profiles include rankings of states’ relative positions across these measures, along with an overall ranking of state performance. California performed poorly by various metrics, including second-to-last for homeless youth policy.
Meghan Henry, Alvaro Cortes, Azim Shivji, Katherine Buck, Abt Asociates, Jill Khadduri, Dennis Culhane
Search Terms: census, national, California, chronically homeless, veterans, homeless youth, homeless children
Summary: This report outlines the key findings of the 2014 Point-In-Time (PIT) and Housing Inventory (HIC) counts conducted in January 2014. Specifically, this report provides 2014 national, state, and CoC-level PIT and HIC estimates of homelessness, as well as estimates of chronically homeless persons, homeless veterans, and homeless children and youth. Nationally there were 45,205 unaccompanied homeless children and youth on a single night in 2014.
Philisie Starling Washington
Search Terms: homeless youths, contributing factors, meaning of term
Summary: A variety of terms have been used to describe the homeless youth population. The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual meanings of the term homeless youths by examining the evolution of the concept and its related terms in the current literature. Method. Online databases from 1990-2010 were analyzed using the Rodgers evolutionary approach. The 6 attributes relating to homeless youth were physical location, age, health, behavior, choice, and survival. The analysis provided insight and clarification of homeless youth from a variety of related terms in the literature
Authors: Nell Bernstein, Lisa K. Foster, California Research Bureau
Search Terms: los angeles, california, homeless youth, mental health, abuse, policy
Summary: Summarizes interviews of homeless or formerly homeless youth by their peers about how they became homeless, their lives on the street, interactions with police, education, aspirations, mental health, support networks, services, and policy suggestions. Interviewees reside in Los Angeles and other California cities.
Search Terms: Los Angeles, census, aging, demographics, black, white, latino, veterans, homeless youth
Summary: Point-in-time count of homeless in Los Angeles focusing on geographic distribution and demographics, with special attention to categories such as veterans and youth. Significant findings include that the homeless population of the region is getting older and more white compared to last count in 2011, although the slight majority of homeless are African-American. The proportion of adult males increased significantly whereas the proportion of adult females, female children, and male children decreased.
Author:Hollywood Homeless Youth Partnership
Search Terms: Hollywood, child protective services, juvenile justice system
Summary: Analyzes findings on how youth become homeless; their health, educational, and vocational needs; service utilization and experiences; and risk factors such as involvement with child protective services and justice systems. Recommends service improvements.